Coronavirus COULD be airborne and pass via tiny infected droplets, WHO admits in U-turn

CORONAVIRUS could be spread through tiny infected droplets in the air, the World Health Organisation has admitted.

There is "emerging evidence" of Covid-19 airborne transmission in "crowded, closed, poorly ventilated" settings, an official said.

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It comes after more than 200 scientists wrote an open letter to the agency urging officials to recognise the virus may be spread in the air.

The WHO has maintained Covid is spread primarily through droplets from the nose or mouth, which are expelled via coughs, sneezes or speaking.

In its latest update at the weekend, the Geneva-based agency said that airborne transmission is possible only after medical procedures that produce very small droplets.

But following the open letter warning that officials are underestimating the risk of airborne spread, the WHO appears to have made a U-turn.

Professor Benedetta Allegranzi, technical lead for infection prevention and control, said last night that the possibility could not be ruled out.

If the evidence is confirmed, it could affect guidelines for social distancing indoors.

Expert warning

Published in the Clinical Infectious Diseases journal, the letter's signatories call on health officials to update guidance to include measures which would mitigate the risk of airborne transmission.

The group of 239 experts outline studies which they say suggests coronavirus can spread through smaller particles that linger in the air.

While hand washing and social distancing are appropriate, the signatories say these measures are "insufficient" in providing protection from "virus-carrying respiratory microdroplets" released into the air by those with Covid-19.

According to the group, measures that should be taken include providing sufficient ventilation, to minimise recirculating air, and avoiding overcrowding, particularly on public transport.

 

 

When asked about the letter during a press briefing on Tuesday, Prof Allegranzi said officials had been in discussions with the letter's signatories.

"We acknowledge that there is emerging evidence in this field, as in all other fields, regarding the Covid-19 virus and pandemic," she told reporters.

"And therefore, we believe that we have to be open to this evidence and understand its implications regarding the modes of transmission, and also regarding the precautions that need to be taken."

She added that while airborne transmission could not be ruled out in certain conditions, the evidence was not "definitive" and needed to continue to be gathered.

Dr David Nabarro, a special envoy to the WHO on Covid-19, said that while airborne transmission was "certainly part of the puzzle", it is not the main route of transmission.

"The major way in which that this virus is transmitted is through droplets which come out when you cough, sneeze or even shout," he told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme.

"But there does seem to be the possibility that very small particles containing virus can move further.

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"It is certainly part of the puzzle. The key question is just how important is it.

"Right now we think it is not the major means of transmission.

"The major means of transmission is droplets, which is why we talk about one to two metres distance as being the key thing to avoid spread."

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