THE US 2020 election is determined by the popular vote and the electoral college; once votes are in, the president is announced that night or the following morning.
Election day is on November 3 and votes must be in by that evening in order for them to count towards the election.
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How does the US election work?
The presidential election in the US happens every four years in November.
Prior to being elected president, the candidates must be nominated by their party, campaign and meet requirements by law to hold office.
A few months before the election, voters must register and either request mail-in ballots, vote early or wait until the day of the election to go to the polls.
Votes filled in by citizens are counted as popular votes and do not determine the president’s win.
Instead, the electoral college determines who the winner of the election is.
What is the electoral college?
The electoral college consists of 538 electors which gather every four years to determine the winner of the presidential election.
Each state is determined by the number of representatives it has, plus its two senators.
No state can have fewer than three electors.
There are 435 representatives in total and 100 senators.
Due to the 23rd amendment, it awarded Washington, D.C. three electors, making the combined number a total of 538 electors.
How does it determine votes?
Congressional representatives are determined by population, electors are assigned based on representatives.
States with the most population have more electors.
Because most states have a winner-take-all system, where the winner of the popular vote in a state gains all of the electors, several presidents have lost the popular vote and won the electoral vote.
A candidate needs to win a majority of electors, or 270, to become the candidate elect.
The founding fathers established the electoral college to prevent the popular vote from being the final determination in an election.
When is the new president announced?
Following the election, the new president is typically announced that evening when ballots are sorted and counted.
Sometimes the votes are not fully counted until the following morning as there can be problems with the balloting system.
The winner of the 2020 presidential election is scheduled to be inaugurated on January 20, 2021.
Who are the candidates running for the election?
President Donald Trump is running for re-election along with Vice-President Mike Pence.
His opponent, Joe Biden, is the Democratic nominee and will be joined by Kamala Harris as his vice-president.
However, Vice President Pence could be sworn in as president if Trump's coronavirus condition worsens over the days.
Popular filmmaker and conspiracist Michael Moore says that Trump is faking his symptoms for sympathy because “he is losing the election and he knows it.”
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