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China has been building a series of surveillance platforms spanning parts of the South China Sea. Many of the radars are floating in Chinese water but some are in international waters. Satellite imagery service Orion mapped the surveillance gear which they say “reinforces China’s strategic advantage over other countries in the region, and can be used to monitor US Navy movements”.
Research by CSIS Asian Maritime Transparency Initiative found that the surveillance platforms are part of China’s “Blue Ocean Information Network”.
The platforms are installed with electro-optical/infrared sensor turrets, high-frequency radio and cellular masts, according to Forbes.
Situated close to the Paracel and Spratly Island, they will increase China’s radar coverage of the South China Sea.
China currently monitors vessels with multiple sensors deployed at depths of up to 2,000 meters below sea level named the “Underwater Great Wall”.
It comes as the Philippines lodged a diplomatic protest over what it said was China’s illegal confiscation of fish aggregating devices from Filipino fisherman in a disputed lagoon held by Beijing in the South China Sea.
The Philippine foreign ministry said the incident happened three months ago at the Scarborough Shoal, a prime fishing site seized by Beijing in 2012 after a standoff that prompted an unprecedented international legal challenge by Manila.
In a statement late on Thursday, it gave no other details about that incident, but it also protested China’s “continuing illicit issuances of radio challenges to Philippine aircraft conducting legitimate regular maritime patrols.”
China’s coast guard routinely warns foreign planes and vessels passing through and over international waters.
The Philippine protest comes amid concern in the region and by the United States and allies about what they see as provocative Chinese activities and military exercises in contested parts of the strategic waterway.
Vietnam on Thursday complained about the presence of Chinese bombers on the Paracel Islands.
China claims historic ownership of most of the South China Sea using old maps that it says are proof of sovereignty.
Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan also have claims.
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China’s foreign ministry on Friday insisted its coast guard was enforcing the law in what were Chinese waters.
The Scarborough Shoal is located within the Philippines’ 200-mile exclusive economic zone and an arbitral tribunal in The Hauge ruled in 2016 that China’s claim to it – and to most of the South China Sea – had no basis under international law.
China on Friday also accused the Philippine aircraft of violating its sovereignty.
“The Chinese side immediately urged the Philippines side to stop these illegal and provocative actions,” ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian told a briefing.
Using frigates converted into coast guard vessels, China for years blocked Filipinos from the Scarborough Shoal, about 130 miles (209 km) off the Philippines and about 400 miles from China’s Hainan Island.
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