The big question for the U.S. vaccine campaign: Who’s next?

The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that the first shots of the coronavirus vaccines go to people in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities as well as to doctors, nurses and frontline health care workers, and there has been little disagreement over that guidance.

But who should get vaccinated next?

“There is a consensus of what we call the A1 group,” Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine said on CBS’s “Face the Nation” on Sunday. “People who are risking their lives every single day, as well as where we have taken the most losses, and that is in our nursing homes.”

“I think there will probably be more lack of consensus among people in general when you get beyond that first group,” Mr. DeWine said.

In guidelines based on recommendations from an expert panel, the C.D.C. lays out the next two rounds of vaccination, known as Phase 1b and Phase 1c. Phase 1b would include people 75 years and older and essential frontline workers not in health care, such as firefighters, police officers, postal workers, grocery store employees, public transit workers and teachers.

Phase 1c would include people from 65 to 74 years old, people 16 to 64 with underlying medical conditions and other essential workers in jobs like food service, construction and public health.

But not all governors are following along. Some have put a higher priority on certain people in the Phase 1c group and a lower priority on those in Phase 1b.

“The next wave is going to be different by state,” Adm. Brett P. Giroir, an assistant secretary for the Department of Health and Human Services who serves as the administration’s testing coordinator, said during an appearance on “Fox News Sunday.”

He noted that Gov. Greg Abbott of Texas planned to give priority to people over 65. “Because those are the people will go to the hospitals,” Adm. Giroir said. “It’s not the frontline 24-year-old worker who is at low risk of getting the infection and at very, very low risk of getting serious results from that, but over 65.”

Gov. Ron DeSantis of Florida is similarly giving priority to people over 70, Admiral Giroir said.

”I think that variability is critically important because as the hospitals fill up, the first priority really needs to be to save lives and to reduce the burden on hospitals,” the admiral said. “You’re seeing that in Texas and Florida, and you will probably see that in many other states.”

The C.D.C. places teachers and others working in education in Phase 1b, but Admiral Giroir suggested that most states would move them down unless they suffer from underlying health conditions.

“Young healthy teachers should be at no more risk than young healthy individuals in any other profession,” he said. “They’re probably going to be further down the priority scale, because we need to take care of those who are vulnerable — who will die, who will be hospitalized — first.”

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